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Gum Disease

Home | Gum Disease

Gum disease is common among adults in Our country. Many adults presently display some form of the disease, which varies from uncomplicated inflammation of the gums to acute infection that causes significant damage to the soft tissue and bone that undergird the teeth. In the most severe cases, loss of teeth may occur, but gum disease is mostly preventable through the implementation of proper oral health practices starting from an early age.

What is Gum Disease ?

Gum diseases actually is the result of the inflammations of the gum and teeth bones. First stage of Gum disease causes gums to become red, swollen, and sometimes, even bleed. If the disease progresses to a more serious from first stage can result into tooth loose since it may detach the gums from the tooth.

Though gum disease occurs in adults early stages of this disease can occurs in child and teens as well.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports 47.2% of adults 30 years and older have some form of gum disease, and this number increases with age. Overall Gum disease is a serious threat to dental health as like as tooth decay (cavities).

What Causes Gum Disease ?

The Main Reason for the gum disease are the improper dental care and oral hygiene neglect. Bacteria formed as the result of the accumulation of food particles in the tooth causes the infections in the gums that encompass the tooth as a result occurring the inflammation around the tooth and finally results in the gum disease.. The bacteria accumulated over the teeth surface form plaque and this plaque hardens into a tartar which make the plaque even more difficult to remove. Tarter moves to the gum line, causing difficulty when trying to clean the teeth. At this point, professional removal of the tartar is necessary to keep gum disease from progressing.

Signs And Symptoms of Gum Disease

Symptoms of gum disease occurs usually after the middle age. But as mentioned Teanagers can also develop gum diseases. Signs of the gum disease are follows.

  • Persistent foul breath or taste.
  • Swollen or red gums.
  • Loose permanent teeth.
  • Tooth sensitivity.
  • Painful chewing.
  • Teeth appearing longer than normal or receding gums
  • Sensitive or bleeding gums

If a child is experiencing any of these symptoms, a serious dental problem may be in the process of progressing. It is recommended to make an appointment with the dentist immediately if a child complains of any of these symptoms.

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Dr. Renju Anil graduated from Calicut University.

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